Advanced relative pronouns. Moving beyond “que”

In Grammar, relative pronouns are words that relate one phrase with another.  After viewing a short video from Janina from Honduras, I realized that I don’t use relative pronons beyond “que” when I speak. So, beignning this week,  I decided to work on incorporating the following words into my everyday speech:

  • el que, los que
  • el cuál, los cuales
  • quien, quienes.

In English, relative pronouns anount to the following:

relative pronouns - Beyond "Que"


My starting point to plug the relative pronoun gap in my Spanish was to study a few YouTube videos on the subject.   To keep things real, I listened to YouTube teachers in both English and Spanish.  


Relative Pronouns Videos

I used the two videos below to revise the difference between “que”, “cuál”, and “quien”. It is important to know the differences between these in order to strengthen your understanding of the more abstract “el que, el cuál, los que, los cuales”, etc.


If you don’t understand how to use the simple form of these pronouns,  then I suggest that you take some steps to fill that gap. As a minimum, you should know that we use cuál when we have a choice, e.g., cuál es tu opinion? On the other hand, we use qué for definitions and explanations.




Next stop is Professor Jason. This guy is Mr. Grammar for English speakers who want to understand Spanish Grammar.  I usually learn a ton from listening to his videos. After listening to Professor Jason on relative pronouns, I think I know the basic rules when using these pronouns.  LightSpeed Spanish also has a great podcast on the subject.


Now, I will will spend the next few weeks practising to use relative pronouns when I speak Spanish. I will also be looking out for them when I listen to Spanish speakers and when I am reading.


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